The report consists of both a comparative overview and national descriptions. The short comparative overview, covering EU Member States, plus Iceland, Liechtenstein, Norway and Turkey, shows that the great majority of European countries address entrepreneurship education through national strategies or initiatives. At primary education level, two thirds of European countries explicitly acknowledge entrepreneurship in central steering documents while in secondary education virtually all countries integrate entrepreneurship into the curriculum, either as part of the general objectives of the overall curriculum, or within subject curricula or through a combination of these approaches. Thus the importance of entrepreneurship education is widely recognised. Moreover, many European countries define specific learning outcomes for entrepreneurship education covering entrepreneurial attitudes, knowledge and skills. Finally, the report also presents those countries where concrete guidelines and teaching materials give support to teachers, as well as a picture of current initiatives and ongoing reforms.
Europe faces a number of challenges that can only be met if it has innovative, well-educated, and
entrepreneurial citizens who, whatever their walk of life, have the spirit and inquisitiveness to think in
new ways, and the courage to meet and adapt to the challenges facing them. Moreover, a dynamic
economy, which is innovative and able to create the jobs that are needed, will require a greater
number of young people who are willing and able to become entrepreneurs young people who will
launch and successfully develop their own commercial or social ventures, or who will become
innovators in the wider organisations in which they work. Because education is key to shaping young
people’s attitudes, skills and culture, it is vital that entrepreneurship education is addressed from an
early age. Entrepreneurship education is essential not only to shape the mindsets of young people but
also to provide the skills and knowledge that are central to developing an entrepreneurial culture.
According to the Key Competence Framework, the entrepreneurship key competence refers to an
individual’s ability to turn ideas into action. It includes creativity, innovation and risk taking, as well as
the ability to plan and manage projects in order to achieve objectives. Developing mindsets, generic
attributes and skills that are the foundations of entrepreneurship can be complemented by imparting
more specific knowledge about business according to the level and type of education.
You can download the full report here: http://eacea.ec.europa.eu/education/eurydice/documents/thematic_reports/135EN.pdf